Pathway to Biliteracy

TWBI Pathway


  • Two-way immersion education has been in existence in the United States for nearly 40 years, but its growth in popularity is a more recent phenomenon. The number of schools participating in TWI programs has been on the rise for the past 15 years with over 300 schools nationwide and almost 200 in California. The majority of these programs are Spanish/English programs in public elementary schools. Moreover, this immersion program is modeled off of the Canadian French-English Immersion Model which has an even longer history.

Goals of Two-Way Immersion

  • Students Will Develop High Levels of Proficiency in Their First Language

  • All Students Will Develop High Levels of Proficiency in a Second Language

  • Academic Performance for Both Groups of Students Will Be at or Above Grade Level

  • All Students Will Demonstrate Positive Cross-Cultural Attitudes and Behaviors

90/10 Model

  • Overview

  • Grades K-2

  • Grades 3-4

  • Grades 5-6

Program Components

  • Duration of Program

  • Language Separation

  • Experiential Curriculum

  • Classroom Composition

Role of Parents & Staff

  • Staffing Information

  • Parent Participation