- Pitman High School
- Subject Area Resources
Subject Area Resources
- @griculture Online - "An electronic service of Successful Farming."
- AgWeb.com - "An electronic service of Farm Journal, Pro Farmer and Top Producer magazines and AgDay TV (select interest groups at site)".
- American Farm Bureau - Voice of Agriculture - The national organization that seeks to represent agriculture. Includes news, views, and issues of today's agriculture.
- California Farm Bureau
California FFA / Students - The CALAGED has FFA information and resources. Includes parliamentary procedure, records, field days, conferences and much more FFA news and information.
- Farm Journal
- Heifer Project International
- National FFA - Official site of the National Future Farmers of America.
- Progressive Farmer
- The Democratic Party - The web site for the DNC provides news and events with regard to Democrats, voter outreach and Democratic links.
- USA.gov - This site allows access to all 20,000 government sites from a single central point.
- Library of Congress
- On the Issues - “Every political leader on every issue.”
- Project Vote Smart -This comprehensive web site has links and loads of information on state and federal candidates, politicians, elections and voting records.
- The Republican Party - The Official Web Site for the republican National Committee, offering information about the party, key issues, and news on upcoming events and how to get involved.
- The Senate
- The State Department Home Page - This constantly updated site has the official attitudes and statements on a wide range of current issues. This site also has an excellent foreign countries section.
- United Nations Official Web Site
- US Census Bureau
- The United States Constitution -This National Archives and Records Administration's well-organized site has the complete text of the United States Constitution and includes information on our Founding Fathers.
- US Government Agencies - Lists an index of United States government agencies.
- U.S. House of Representatives
- US Public Interest Research Groups - USPIRGs state-based coordinated effort to preserve the environment, protect consumers and promote democracy, mainly through canvassing and lobbying. This website features a discussion group, e-mail action alerts, news reports, a Congressional scorecard and information on how to get involved.
- The White House
Museums on the Web
- Andy Warhol Art Museum - Inspired by Warhol's artistic vision, The Andy Warhol Museum strives to be a dynamic art center and resource for anyone who wishes to gain insights into contemporary art and popular culture.
- Art and Archaeology of the Ancient Greek and Roman Worlds - Look through a massive library of art objects, sites, buildings and the humanities at The Perseus project Website. The library's catalogs document 523 coins, 1548 vases, over 1400 sculptures, 179 sites and 381 buildings. Each catalog entry has a description of the object and its context; most have images. This web site currently publishes over 33,000 pictures! Descriptions and images have been produced in collaboration with many museums, institutions and scholars.
- The Art Institute of Chicago
- The Artchive
- Artcyclopedia - The guide to museum-quality art on the internet. Offers "a comprehensive index of every artist represented at hundreds of museum sites, image archives....700 leading arts sites, and more than 24,000 links directly to an estimated 80,000 works by 7,000 different artists."-Source. Search or browse by movement, medium, name of artist, nationality, etc.
- The Louvre - A stunning array of masterpieces is located in this French museum, the most famous art museum in the world.
- Metropolitian Museum of Art
- National Gallery of Art
- San Francisco Museum Of Modern Art - One of the newest modern art museums on the planet. Check out their Web Page, and maybe you will be inspired to visit the City by the Bay for a day of artistic enlightenment!
- The Web Gallery of Art - Contains over 8,500 digital reproductions of European paintings and sculptures created between the years 1150 and 1800. A considerable number of the pictures are commented upon and biographies of the significant artists are given.
- Web Museum Famous Paintings - A listing of links to famous paintings from throughout history. Just a click will allow you to view a famous painting by a famous painter.
- Whitney Museum of American Art
Art History and Biography
- Inside Art: An Art History Game
- Paul Cézanne
- Van Gogh - Interesting information about Van Gogh's life and his work. Paintings are displayed with background material and images. Also included is a timeline of Van Gogh's life.
- AE Biographies (biography.com) - The Biography.com database puts over 20,000 of the greatest lives, past and present, at your fingertips. Enter a name in the search box to discover who notable people were, what they did and why.
- Academy of Achievement - "In the Gallery of Achievers, we focus on individuals who have shaped the twentieth century by their accomplishments." Explore profiles of heroes in the Halls of Arts, Business, Public Service, Science Exploration, Sports and the American Dream. Biographies are supplemented by interviews and quotes, and include audio and video of their subjects.
- Biographical Directory of the U. S. Congress - Biographies of individuals who have served in Congress from 1774 through the present.
- Nobel Prize Internet Archive
- Distinguished Women of Past & Present - This site has biographies of women who contributed to our culture in many different ways. There are writers, educators, scientists, heads of state, politicians, civil rights crusaders, artists, entertainers, and others. Some were living hundreds of years ago and some are alive today.
- National Women's Hall of Fame - Brief biographies of an extensive list of prolific women.
- National Women History Project
- Women's International Center Biography Index
- Bankrate.com - Bankrate.com publishes personal finance news and how-to information along with interest rate information from 4,000 financial institutions in 124 markets in the United States and Puerto Rico. They also calculate national, state and market averages nightly on 51 rates. Includes comparison rates on Checking/ATM fees, credit cards, home equity loans, money markets, savings, CDs and new car loans.
- The Better Business Bureau Central Web Server for U.S. and Canada - Online site to promote a better relationship between business and the public.
- What's a Dollar Worth? CPI Calculation Machine - Tool to find the dollar worth of items in any year since 1913 compared to present 2013 dollars.
- Kelley Blue Book - Determine the value of your automobile.
- The Mint - Provides practical aspects of economics including renting vs. buying, saving vs. investing, the budget and what it takes to start your own business. The Mint is a collaborative effort between the Northwestern Mutual Life Foundation and The National Council on Economic Education.
- The Occupational Outlook Handbook - The Occupational Outlook Handbook provides essential information about the world of work and the qualifications that will be needed by tomorrow's workers.
- The Dow Jones Industrial Average
- Virtual Stock Exchange – A free, online trading game that lets you “play the stock market”.
College & Career
College Information and Indexes
- California Community Colleges - You can find links to websites of numerous community colleges of California. Lots of information at your fingertips regarding this inexpensive way to get a college education!
- California State Universities - Links to the addresses and websites of all the campuses of the California State Universities.
- The California Virtual Campus - The California Virtual Campus makes it easy to find online and distance education courses of every accredited college and university in California. "The California Virtual Campus does not grant degrees or certificates, or answer individual questions about courses. Through this Website, we do help you find out about courses and certificate or degree programs offered at a distance by California's leading institutions of higher education; and we do connect you to the appropriate campus to enroll and find out more information."--Source.
- Campus Tours - This website allows you to take a virtual tour of any college campus, via the the World Wide Web. Includes sections for: Webcams, Campus Maps, College Videos,Movies Pictures.
- College Board Online
- CollegeBound Network - Provides a variety of sources for college applicants, and a listing of colleges.
- Mapping Your Future - Discusses planning a career, selecting a career, paying for school, plus many additional features including online applications, budget calculator, and loan calculator.
- University of California Campuses
Links to UC Campuses are Listed Here
- Peterson's Education Center - Within these thousands of pages of easy-to-use, organized content, you will find a wealth of information on elementary and secondary schools, colleges and universities, professional degree programs, study abroad and distance learning opportunities, executive management programs, financial aid, internships, summer programs, career guidance, and more.
- What Can I Do With A Major In....? - MyPlan.com is unquestionably the best resource on the Internet for career and college information. Their long list of free services includes career profiles, career planning, and information on courses and majors.
Local Colleges and Universities
- California State University, Stanislaus
- Merced College
- Modesto Junior College
- University of California, Merced
- University of the Pacific
Scholarships and Financial Aid
- California Student Aid Commission - Their mission is to "make education beyond high school financially accessible to all Californians."
- FAFSA on the Web - Use this site to apply online for college financial aid.
- Fastweb - Scholarship search.
- FinAid: The Financial Aid Information Page
- Career OneStop - Provides information about the present and future job market..
- Career One Stop State Job Banks - Connections to job services nationwide. Includes links to state employment offices, occupational codes, and employers.
- JobStar -Resumes Cover Letters
- Military Career Guide Online - This Web site is THE leading career information resource for the military world of work. It gives you details on enlisted and officer occupations. In addition, this site describes training, advancement, and educational opportunities within each of the major Services -- Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard.
- Occupational Outlook Handbook
- Sample Employment Letters - From Career Lab.com a variety of letters to use as samples in the job hunt.
- AAA Foundation For Traffic Safety - Provides research reports, traffic safety links, and newsletters.
- California Department of Motor Vehicles
- Insurance Institute for Highway Safety - An independent, nonprofit research and communications organization dedicated to reducing highway crash deaths, injuries, and property damage losses. IIHS is wholly supported by automobile insurers.
- National Highway Traffic Safety Agency (Department of Transportation)
Auto Buying Guides
- Auto Channel
- Edmunds Auto Guide
- Kelley's Blue Book of Car Prices -New car prices and bluebook reports for used cars.
- American Writers – A great source for researching America’s most prolific authors!
- Teenreads Authors – An excellent site to get the scoop on some of your favorite authors! Includes interviews with the authors, plus the titles of books they’ve written.
Citing Your Sources
Ever wonder how to cite your sources for research papers? Here are some great sites to help you cite!
Grammar, Vocabulary Writing Resources
- Gale Group Literary Index
- Grammar Bytes
- Paradigm Online Writing Assistant
- Writer References and Resources
- American English Poetry: 1250-1920 – This extensive poetry collection (at Bartleby.com) contains numerous separate collections of poetry. The collections may be searched by keyword, and browsed via Indexes to Poems: Chronologic, Author, Title, and First Line. Designed to be user-friendly and enjoyable, this site seems to be steadily growing.
- Anthology of Modern American Poetry – A companion to the text, Anthology of American Poetry, published by Oxford University Press. Includes excerpts from previously published analyses of poems, biographical information, relevant illustrations, manuscripts, drafts of poems, bibliographies, historical background, statements on poetics, interviews , mini-essays on important issues pertinent to the poet, book reviews, archival resources, and study questions…needless to say, it’s pretty impressive and quite informative!
- British Poetry – A selection of the most famous British poets from Chaucer to modern times.
- Poetry Alive!
- Poetry 180 (Billy Collins, Poet Laureate) – Our U.S. Poet Laureate, Billy Collins, has designed this website to make it easy for students to hear or read a poem each day for the 180 days of the school year. I t has the full text of 180 interesting, well-written poems available for your reading pleasure! “Poems can inspire and make us think about what it means to be a member of the human race. By just spending a few minutes reading a poem each day, new worlds can be revealed.”
- Sonnet Central – Sonnet Central is an archive of English sonnets, commentary, pictures, and relevant web links. Sonnets can be accessed quickly via an alphabetical list of authors.
Reviews, Criticism, and Analysis of Literature
- The Cambridge History of English and American Literature – This online publication contains all eighteen volumes of Cambridge History of English and American Literature. Includes an index to authors, bibliographies, and chapters. A large resource on literary criticism and history, the Cambridge History of English and American Literature is considered the most important work of literary criticism and history ever published.
- Glossary of Literary Terms and a Handbook of Rhetorical Devices – This book “contains definitions and examples of more than sixty traditional rhetorical devices, all of which can still be useful today to improve the effectiveness, clarity, and enjoyment of your writing.”—Source
- Guys Read
- A Literary Index – A Literary Index provides both an overview and a review of the more significant collections of Internet literary resources of interest to scholars, students, and lovers of literature.
- Novel Guide – Source for literary analysis on the web. They provide an educational supplement for a better understanding of classic and contemporary Literature Profiles, Metaphor Analysis, Theme Analysis, and Author Biographies.
- Paradigm Online Writing Assistant – Learn how to write informal essays, thesis/support essays, argumentative essays, exploratory essays, and document your sources.
- Sparknotes – Online study guides written by Harvard students for many popular novels including 1984, Animal Farm, Beowulf, Fahrenheit 451, Frankenstein, Great Expectations, My Antonia, The Odyssey, The Scarlet Letter, To Kill a Mockingbird, and many others commonly used in high school classrooms.
- Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations
- Creative Quotations – Links to multiple sites offering quotations.
- The Quotations Page
- Ise: The Annex – An introduction to Shakespeare’s life and times.
- Shakespeare Online – The emphasis of this site is on original analysis and essays on Shakespeare’s life and times.
- The Shakespeare Resource Center: The Globe – Find historical information about the Globe Theater.
- Shakespeare Illustrated – Explores nineteenth-century paintings, criticism and productions of Shakespeare’s plays and their influences on one another.
- The Shakespeare Mystery – A great page from the PBS Frontline series on the seemingly endless debate of who actually wrote Shakespeare. A complete resource page including full-text articles, debates, and links for a mystery that may be forever unsolved.
- Bartleby.com – Named after the humble character of Bartleby the Scrivener (or ‘copyist’) of Charles Dickensian fame, Bartleby.com publishes the classics of literature, non-fiction, and reference, free of charge! You really MUST check out this site for all of your literature needs!
- Merriam-Webster Dictionary
- Fodor's Travel Online
- Foreign Currency Exchange Rate
- Planetware: Travel Attraction Picture Show - See pictures of countries, cities and places to visit in countries all around the world.
- Travlang's Translating Dictionaries
- Cave Paintings in France
- Christmas traditions In France and Canada - This site contains info about the customs of how French-speaking peoples in France and Canada celebrate Christmas. Very thorough and full of information!
- French Embassy in Washington
- French - English Dictionaries - Translates from French to English or English to French! Also translates other languages.
- French Newspapers Online
- La Tour Eiffel
- Le Monde - France's leading newspaper. (In French, mais oui!)
- Paris - This extensive guide to Paris is not actually in French, but it gives a nice tour of the city. An outstanding web site that has "La Boutique des Pages de Paris". Just point and click to "get around" Paris.
- Tour de France - Enjoy a tour of the various regions of France, brought to you by the Embassy of France in Washington, D.C. and the Internet Multicasting Service.
- Die Welt - Popular German news source, in the German language.
- German - English Dictionaries - Translates from German to English or English to German! Also translates other languages.
- Germany - A gateway to information about Germany, from geography to government, to its economy and people.
- Government.De - German government website. All about the German government!
- Main-Post Newsline - Popular German news source, in the German language.
- All about Spain: Culture Popular Customs - Includes general information on Spain, its climate, history, architecture, popular customs such as Flamenco and bullfighting, the most important Fiestas, regional cooking, and night life.
- CNN Espanol
- Enforex - A collection of links related to the culture of Spain.
- Mexperience - Some valuable cultural information related to Mexico.
- "Feliz Navidad", holiday traditions-Spain - Information about Christmas customs and traditions in Spain.
- Know and Enjoy Mexico - This site contains an extensive amount of travel information. Choose city, region, activity, hotel chain, airline service state, etc. for more information.
- MexConnect - Encyclopedia of basic and fascinating information on all aspects of Mexico.
- Si Spain - A broad-based information resource site about Spain and its people, sponsored by the Embassy of Spain in Ottawa, Canada. This is a very comprehensive and interesting site, quite valuable to the student of Spanish language.
- Spanish - English Dictionaries - Translates from Spanish to English or English to Spanish! Also translates other languages.
- Yahoo! En español - The online world in Spanish! Links are primarily in the Spanish language.
- Atlapedia Online - Contains full color physical and political maps as well as key facts and statistics on countries of the world.
- CIA World Fact Book - Check out this source for volumes of information on countries all over the world, maps and more. Text, graphics.
- Library of Congress Country Studies - The site gives very detailed information on countries' geography, society, economy, transportation, communications, government, politics and history.
- Online Outline Maps - This site offers a selection of outline maps for use in the classroom or at home.
- Alcohol Impairment Chart - Your blood alcohol level may be affected by your age, gender, physical condition, amount of food consumed and any drugs or medication. In addition, different drinks may contain different amounts of alcohol, so it's important to know how much and the concentration of alcohol you consume.
- Drinking Driving
- The National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Diet and Nutrition
- Choose My Plate
- Dietary Guidelines for Americans - Food choices depend on history, culture, and environment, as well as on energy and nutrient needs. People also eat foods for enjoyment. Family, friends, and beliefs play a major role in the ways people select foods and plan meals. This booklet describes some of the many different and pleasurable ways to combine foods to make healthful diets.
- Food Additives - Complete information about all chemicals additives in food in the United States, including full text of federal regulations governing their use.
- Food and Nutrition Information Center - Award-winning site which is part of the National Agricultural Library. Information and links to healthy school meals, dietary guidelines, food pyramid, food composition, and more.
- The Food Guide Pyramid - A pyramid is used to demonstrate which types of foods should be eaten, and their proportions.
Diseases and Disorders
- American Diabetes Association
- Center for Disease: Health Topics A-Z - Choose from an alphabetical list of diseases.
- Genetic Conditions / Rare Conditions Information
- National Cancer Institute
- Virus Outbreaks - From the Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response Center.
Drugs and Drug Addictions
- Drug abuse and dependence - The Medline Medical Encyclopedia provides this website, focusing on the following subtopics: illustrations, alternative names, definitions, causes, symptoms, and more.
- Drug Trends and Statistics - Statistics and information on drug abuse from the National Institute of Health. Includes costs to society from drug abuse, youth trends, treatment, workplace and related trends.
- NFIA Drugs and the Brain - Discusses how drugs affect the brain.
- Web of Addictions - The Web of Addictions provides information about alcohol and other drug addictions. The fact sheets were developed by many different authors. In some cases, the fact sheets were placed on the Web by a different organization than the one that wrote the document. However, all of the fact sheets are in the public domain to encourage wide distribution. You are free to copy and use these fact sheets.
- NFIA(National Families In Action) Drugs and the Brain
- Eating Disorders - "Mirror, mirror on the wall, who's the fattest one of all?" If you can relate to the above saying, you are not alone. Thousands of women and an increasing number of men look in the mirror every day and hate what they see. This web site looks into the minds of those suffering from eating disorders.
- National Association of Anorexia Nervosa Associated Disorders - A one-page general fact sheet from the organization.
Mental Health and Psychological Resources
- Depression Central - A central clearing house for information on all types of depressive disorders and on the most effective treatments for individuals suffering from Major Depression, Manic Depression (Bipolar Disorder), Cyclothymia, Dysthymia and other mood disorders.
- Mental Help Net
Personal Health and Wellness
- Wellness.com - Wellness is the promotion of a healthy lifestyle in the areas of physical, social, mental and environmental well-being. In this web site they explore what wellness is. There will be games and puzzles, audio-clips from famous West Virginians, and other useful information.
Pregnancy and Parenting
- The March of Dimes Home Page
- Prenatal Care - Information from Medline on the ways an expectant mother should care for herself and her unborn baby. Also includes information about childbirth and care after delivery.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases Facts and Information
- CDC National Prevention Information Network (NPIN) – Provides extensive information on HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD and Tuberculosis.
Tobacco and Smoking
- The American Lung Association
- Smoke In the Eye - Television news report on the tobacco industry's attempts to keep the harmful effects of smoking secret. Includes readings, interviews, and the how the secret research documents of how health is affected by tobacco were discovered. From this website, you can actually view the "secret research documents" that the tobacco industry DID NOT want you to see.
- Tobacco-Free Kids
General Health Resources
- American Medical Association
- American Red Cross
- Healthfinder - Healthfinder is a gateway consumer health and human services information web site from the United States government. Healthfinder can lead you to selected online publications, clearinghouses, databases, web sites, and support and self-help groups, as well as the government agencies and not-for-profit organizations that produce reliable information for the public. The information you find can help you make better choices for yourself and your family about your health and human services needs.
- Mayo Clinic Health - Daily news on diseases, treatments, drugs, diet.
- MEDLINEplus - The National Library of Medicine's MEDLINEplus information pages are designed to direct you to resources containing information that will help you research your health questions. They are designed for educational use only and are not intended to replace advice from a health professional. These pages provide a carefully selected list of resources.
- The Merck Manual
- U.S. National Library of Medicine
- Web MD - Internet-based healthcare network offers high-quality medical information and education.
- Emigrant Diaries and Journals - Links to letters and diaries of women and men who first traveled across the trails and prairies during the great western expansion.
- Historical Diaries - Library of Western Fur Trade Historical Source Documents.
- Women's Archives - The Special Collections Library at Duke University has diaries of the Women's Liberation Movement, African American Women, and Civil War Women.
- EURODOCS Primary Historical Documents from Western Europe - Links connect to Western European (mainly primary) historical documents that are transcribed, reproduced in facsimile, or translated. They shed light on key historical happenings within the respective countries (and within the broadest sense of political, economic, social and cultural history).
- American Rhetoric – An excellent site offering the most famous speeches in American history, from history and politics to movies.
- Great Speeches - Hear the words that changed the world. From Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I have a dream" speech to Lou Gehrig's farewell to baseball, this vast collection is drawn from the most famous broadcasts and recordings of the twentieth century.
- Words Deeds in American History - Approximately ninety representative documents spanning from the fifteenth century to the mid-twentieth century. Included are the papers of presidents, cabinet ministers, members of Congress, Supreme Court justices, military officers and diplomats, reformers and political activists, artists and writers, scientists and inventors, and other prominent Americans whose lives reflect our country's evolution.
History-The CIvil War
- The Civil War - Here is another "The History Place" site with timelines and links.
- Civil War Home Page - An excellent resource for Civil War information, photos, letters, and more.
- Civil War Medicine - When the Civil War began in April 1861, medicine was approaching what Surgeon General William Hammond called "the end of the medical Middle Ages." This site outlines some of the medical practices
- of the day.
- Images of the Civil War - Selected images listed by subject, from the Natonal Archive.
- U.S. Civil War Center - This is an excellent site that attempts to index all the Civil War information available on the Web.
- Women in the Civil War - Some information on the roles women played in the Civil War -- from soldiers to surgeons.
Diaries, Letters Documents
- Alice Williamson Diary - This cyber-volume is the 36-page diary kept by schoolgirl Alice Williamson at Gallatin, Tennessee from February to September 1864. The main topic of the diary is the occupation of Gallatin and the surrounding region by Union forces under General Eleazer A. Paine. Images of the original diary are side by side with the text.
- American Slave Narratives - From 1936 to 1938, over 2,300 former slaves from across the American South were interviewed by writers and journalists under the Works Progress Administration. These former slaves, most born in the last years of the slave regime or during the Civil War, provided first-hand accounts of their experiences on plantations, in cities, and on small farms.
- Gettysburg Address - This Library of Congress' website includes: Drafts of the Gettysburg Address, Lincoln's Invitation to Gettysburg, the only known photo of Lincoln at Gettysburg, and a discussion of the preservation techniques for original drafts.
- Letters Home from an Iowa Soldier in the U. S. Civil War - The letters at this website are part of a collection written by Newton Robert Scott, Private, Company A, of the 36th Infantry, Iowa Volunteers. Most of the letters were written to Scott's neighborhood friend Hannah Cone, in their home town of Albia, Monroe County, Iowa, over the three year period that he served as Company A's clerk.
- Donald Trump
- Bush Presidential Library and Museum
- Dwight D. Eisenhower Home National Historic Site
- First Ladies - Developed and maintained by the Stark State College of Technology in Canton, Ohio, this site is the first virtual library devoted to the history of America's First Ladies. At the heart of the site is a comprehensive bibliographic database containing 40,000 books, articles, letters, manuscripts, and other works by and about the First Ladies. Both the site and the new physical library aim to bring materials together to fill a long-standing informational void in both American women's studies and the history of the presidency.
- Franklin D. Roosevelt Library and Museum
- Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial Washington D.C.
- ·George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress - The Library of Congress National Digital Library Program and the Manuscript Division announce the online publication of the George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress on the American Memory Collections home page. This first release includes forty-one letter books (about 8,000) pages from among 65,000 items to be published online within the next two years. Included in the collection as a whole are correspondence, letter books, commonplace books, diaries, journals, financial account books, military records, reports, and notes, accumulated by Washington from 1741 through 1799.
- Harry S. Truman Library Museum
- Harry S. Truman National Historic Site
- Hoover Presidential Library
- John F. Kennedy Library
- The Nixon Library Birthplace
- Presidential Sites
- Presidents of the United States - In this resource you will find background information, election results, cabinet members, notable events, and some points of interest on each of the presidents. Links to biographies, historical documents, audio and video files, and other presidential sites are also included to enrich this site.
French-Indian War (1754 -1763)
American Revolution (1775 - 1783)
- The American Revolution - This site has good background timelines with links to other sites from "The History Place."
- Liberty: The American Revolution (PBS) - Includes headlines, timelines, resource material and related topics---a potpourri of information on the American Revolution. Picture this: Daily Life in the Colonies, the Global Village, and a Military point-of-view. Newly naturalized citizens. A photo essay.
- Loyalists and the American Revolution - The saga of those loyal to England is often one of the overlooked stories of the American Revolution. Loyalists in general are greatly misunderstood by the citizens of the 20th century. Loyalist motives and viewpoints have been all but ignored. Here is a brief telling of their story.
War of 1812 (1812 - 1815)
- Star Spangled Banner - Complete lyrics to our national anthem.
- The War of 1812 - Articles on Army Life - Battles - Biographies - Forts - General - Naval - Regiments - Uniforms - Equipment. Includes images and vi
The Mexican War (1846-1848)
- Historic Sites of the U.S.-Mexican War in California
- Historic Sites of the U.S.-Mexican War in Mexico
- Historic Sites of the U.S. -Mexican War in Texas
- Mexican War and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
- The U.S./Mexican War (1846-1848) - Includes information on these topics: Countdown to War; The Northern Campaign; The Occupation of New Mexico; The Conquest of California; The War in Central Mexico; The Peace.
- The U. S. Mexican- War (1846-1848) : Descendents of Mexican War Veterans
Spanish-American War (1898)
Korean War (1950 - 195
- Korean War Commemoration - A wonderfully informative web site featuring background information, maps and documents from the Korean War.
Vietnam War (1957 - 1975)
Persian Gulf War (1991)
- Desert Storm - aspects of the war, including POWs, the weapons, and soldiers
- Frontline: The Gulf War - Contains oral histories, information on weapons, a chronology, maps and now a report on the Gulf War Syndrome.
- Gulf War Photo Gallery
- Interview With Norman Schwarzkopf
- Personalities of the West - Part of the Overland Trail Website. Provides links to biographical information on Mountain Men, Trail Blazers, Women of the West, and Cowboys and Gunslingers.
- The West - Another multimedia contribution by Ken Burns and family. Sponsored by PBS and General Motors, this site provides a vast amount of information on people, events, photos, art, and primary sources from West.
- The Donner Party
- The Overland Trail - Thorough and easy to follow, this site covers the stops along the trail, and the colorful people who traveled on it.
Battle of Little Bighorn
- The Battle of the Little Big Horn
- Black Hills Treaty of 1868 - A scanned image of the original document. The 1868 treaty with the Sioux Indians recognizes the Black Hills of Dakota as part of the Great Sioux Reservation.
- The Trail of Tears
- The Sioux Treaty of 1868 – The entire context of the 1868 Treaty.
Diaries, Memoirs Letters
- The Alamo - The official Alamo website.
The Frontier and Pioneers
- Lewis and Clark Trail
- Mountain Men and the Fur Trade - This home page is an on-line research center devoted to the history, traditions, tools, mode of living, etc., of the trappers, explorers, and traders.
The Gold Rush
- Gen. John A. Sutter describes the discovery of gold in California - Chronology and first-person accounts of the gold rush, courtesy of the Museum of the City of San Francisco.
- Gold Rush - The Sacramento Bee's sesquicentennial issue-articles on the gold rush journey, the people, and the impact.
- Women in the California Gold Rush - The truth about Gold Rush women -- from author JoAnn Levy.
- Chinese-American Contribution to Transcontinental Railroad
- The History of the Chinese in California - A history of the Chinese involvement in building the California Railroad.
History-World War I
- Chronology of the Great War
- The Great War
- The Great War (PBS)
- Lost Poets of the Great War
- The Sinking of the Lusitania
- World Battleship List - The World Battleship Lists are a comprehensive, detailed listing of the world's battleships, monitors, major ironclads, battle cruisers, large cruisers, and related vessels. The lists currently cover ALL US Navy ships, from the start of the ironclad era to the present day, and non-US battleships and battle cruisers from 1906 (the start of the Dreadnought era) to the present day.
- World War I Document Archive
- World War I map
History-World War II
- The War II Page - World War II ended on September 2, 1945 with the formal surrender of Japan aboard the U.S. battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay. To commemorate the 50th anniversary of the end of the war, Grolier has put together what they believe to be the definitive collection of World War II historical materials on the Web.
- World War II Links
- Photographs of World War II
- Anne Frank Online
- Auschwitz Alphabet
- Cybrary of the Holocaust
- Holocaust Survivors - Find moving stories by Holocaust survivors. Text is complemented by original photographs, documents and audio files.
- A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust - The content of the "A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust" is presented from three perspectives: Timeline, People, and The Arts. The Teacher's Guide is meant to be used as a resource by teachers, but can be a valuable resource for students as well.
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
From the Library of Congress.
- A People at War from the National Archives - "The pictures described in this list are from the holdings of the Still Picture Branch (NNSP) of the National Archives and Records Administration.
- Powers of Persuasion--Poster Art of World War II - This online exhibit features 33 posters and 1 sound file from a more extensive exhibit that was presented in the National Archives Building in Washington, D.C.
- Women Come to the Front: Journalists, Photographers, and Broadcasters During World War II - From the Library of Congress.
War in the Pacific
- Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting
- FindArticles.com - FindArticles.com is a vast archive of published articles that you can search for free. Constantly updated, it contains articles dating back to1998 from more than 300 magazines and journals.
- High School Journalism
- NewsLink - Links to newspapers, broadcasters and magazines.
Math and the History of Math
- Chronology of Mathematicians
- Euclid's Elements Introduction
- Furman University Mathematical Quotations Server
- Greek Mathematics and its Modern Heirs
- History of Math - Includes general historical information, Babylonian and Egyptian mathematics, the trigonometric functions, Pi through the ages, Prime numbers, Fermat's last theorem, the development of group theory, and more.
- Mathematicians of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
- Women Mathematicians - These pages are part of an on-going project by students in mathematics classes at Agnes Scott College, in Atlanta, Georgia, to illustrate the numerous achievements of women in the field of mathematics. There are biographical essays or comments on most of the women mathematicians and some photos.
- The Largest Known Primes
- S.O.S. Mathematics - Algebra - Learning units presented in worksheet format review the most important results, techniques and formulas in college and percolate algebra.
- Calculus graphics - A collection of graphical demonstrations for first-year calculus.
- Visual Calculus
Fractals and Chaos Theory
- Mathematics Archives: Fractals
- The Fibonacci Numbers and Nature
- Easier Fibonacci Number Puzzles
- Julia and Mandelbrot Sets
General Math Sites
- MathMol - MathMol (Mathematics and Molecules) is designed to serve as an introductory starting point for those interested in the field of molecular modeling.
- Ask Dr. Math - Ask Dr. Math is a question and answer service for K-12 math students and their teachers. A searchable archive is available by level and topic, together with an FAQ.
- Calculators On-Line
- Coolmath.com - Unusual but very helpful site with excellent links that are organized by class and interest.
- Mathematics Archives - K12 Internet Sites - Internet sites which contain significant collections of materials which can be used in the teaching of mathematics at the K-12 level.
- National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)
- The Aria Database - A vast amount of information about opera and operatic arias. Besides providing basic information about each aria, the database includes translations for many arias and aria texts for those that are not affected by copyright restrictions. Bravo!
- Billboard Online
- Classical Net - Classical Net provides a point-of-entry into a wide array of informational files about classical music - over 4200 files at Classical Net and over 2500 links to other classical music web sites.
- Country Music Association - Country Music stars official web site.
- Free Sheet Music - Find Free Sheet Music by Artist. Free music lessons, popular, classical, jazz and traditional sheet music pieces and riffs, free music resources.
- J.S. Bach Home Page - Complete musical works are included in the comprehensive website dedicated to the composer, J.S. Bach. Includes biographical information and a nicely organized set of links to his complete works.
- Lyrics World - A search engine that finds lyrics available on the Internet.
- Music Teachers National Association
- Musicals.Net - Find information about Broadway musicals including song lists and a synopsis.
- MXTabs - "Providing tabs in a world of confusion."
- The Red Hot Jazz Archive - The Red Hot Jazz Archive is a great place to study and enjoy the music of the early jazz artists, those who laid the foundation for what jazz is today.
- Rock and Roll Hall of Fame - Biographies of inductees, exhibits, etc.
- Greek Mythology Links - A list of links on Greek mythology.
- Homer's Odyssey - Read the story or just get a summary. Also contains an index of characters.
- Illustrated Stories of the Heroes of Greek Mythology - Find brief stories about the Greek heroes.
- Mythweb - Guide to ancient Greek mythology
- Roman mythology - Find short overviews of the Roman deities and their Greek counterparts.
- Encyclopedia Mythica - Look up many types of mythology from different cultures.
General Resources and Images
- Astronomy.com - Possibly the BEST astronomy website on the Internet, brought to you by Astronomy Magazine.
- Astronomy picture of the day - Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer.
- NASA Homepage - The Official Site of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
- Space.com - Possibly the BEST space web site on the Internet!
- The Apollo Program – A fine collection of links relating to each Apollo mission.
Space and Space Craft
Stars and Constellations
- The Constellations - Constellation table with mythological information about the star groups.
- Constellations - Digital Images of the Sky - Constellations are presented for all months of the year. Deep exposed and highly resolved color photographs show detailed images of stars.
- Cassini : voyage to Saturn - Maintained for general audiences by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), this web site presents the Cassini mission, an international venture designed to do a detailed study of Saturn.
- Hubble Space Telescope - Chances are you haven't seen what NASA's orbiting Hubble Space Telescope sees. Hubble sees the raw beauty of the universe from above Earth's atmosphere and sends back a portrait of the universe in exquisite detail. Take a look!
- Nine Planets - The Nine Planets is an overview of the history, mythology, and current scientific knowledge of each of the planets and moons in our solar system. Each page has text and images, some have sounds and movies, most provide references to additional related information.
- Project Galileo : bringing Jupiter to Earth - Welcome to the Project Galileo Home Page! Check out the extensive collection of images and data from Jupiter, read a brief introduction to the mission, and join the excitement as you're taken through Galileo's exploration of our solar system's largest planet.
Life on Other Planets
- SETI Institute - The SETI Institute serves as the home for scientific research in the general field of Life in the Universe. Their research is designed to answer the question: Are we alone in the Universe?
- Major Biomes of the World
- National Association of Biology Teachers
- Office of Wetlands, Oceans, and Watersheds - From the office of The Environmental Protection Agency, discusses wetlands, oceans, coasts and estuaries, monitoring water quality, watersheds, and polluted runoff.
- The World's Biomes
- Cells Alive
- Virtual Cell Project - Virtual Cell is a collection of still images, texts and movies covering the structure and functioning of a typical plant cell.
- The Heart: An Online Exploration - Learn about the heart's development and structure, blood vessels, and how to have a healthy heart. This is an excellent site from the FranklinInstitute Science Museum.
- Human Anatomy Online - Human Anatomy On-line is a great resource that delivers educational material for school children to adults. The site includes 100's of graphics, educational information and animations.
- Skeletal System - The following links will allow you to access real photographs of the human skeletal system. The purpose of these pages is to quiz your knowledge on the structures of the skeletal system.
- Stein's Virtual Insectary - Welcome to The Virtual Insectary! Just like insect zoos and butterfly gardens, you've found a unique place to study and observe insects. The Virtual Insectarynot only provides images of some common insects, but includes information on the foods they eat as well as the habitats where they can be found.
- Amphibians - From the National Geographic Society
- Mammals - From the National Geographic Society
- National Wildlife Federation
- Plants Database - Your complete resource for all of your Gardening Needs. It provides information regarding the general description of the plants, the various methods of cultivation, such as indoor or outdoor planting, soil and temperature requirements, pruning, and other important details, the means of propagation (seeds, cuttings, division, etc.), and the different varieties and hybrids.
Genetics and DNA
- Cracking the Code of Life - From awe-inspiring new techniques that can eliminate disease at the very outset of life, to practical means for ensuring a healthy old age. INNOVATION Online also features a Technology Update of related news articles, a glossary of terms, a Debate bulletin board on the issues, a free downloadable Viewer's Guide, the broadcast schedule in the top 30 markets, and links to other, related Web sites.
- Human Genome Project - Explore this site for information about the U.S. and worldwide Human Genome Project.
- Fundamental Physical Constants from NIST - Values of basic constants and conversion factors used in physics and chemistry.
- How Carbon 14 Dating Works - Examine the methods by which scientist use radioactivity to determine the age of objects.
- Molecular Database/Library - A library of 150 molecules that you can display and manipulate in three dimensions using MDL's excellent Chime plug-in. The molecules are sorted into six sections : Simple Molecules, Polymers, Senses, Medical, Horrible Molecules and Interesting Molecules.
- Online Calculators
- The World of Materials - Brief description of classes of materials, including metals, ceramics, semiconductors, and polymers.
- Laws That Influence Environmental Protection - If you are interested in becoming active in environmental, health, and community safety issues, you will need some understanding of many of the following Federal laws. These laws, and others enacted by the States, have various requirements and are enforced by various agencies. Her you will find presented a brief description of the intent of each law.
- Union of Concerned Scientists - UCS is an independent nonprofit alliance of 50,000 concerned citizens and scientists across the country. Their mission is to build a cleaner, healthier environment and a safer world.
- Brownfields - EPA’s Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Initiative is designed to empower States, communities, and other stakeholders in economic redevelopment to work together in a timely manner to prevent, assess, safely clean up, and sustainably reuse brownfields. A brownfield is a site, or portion thereof, that has actual or perceived contamination and an active potential for redevelopment or reuse.
- Envirolink - An excellent website for researching environmental issues.
- EPA - The United States Environmental Protection Agency.
- EPA Office of Solid Waste (OSW) - Provides information on all aspects of solid waste including basic facts, recycling, transport of solid waste, treatment and cleanup.
- Air Waste Management Association
- EPA Office of Air and Radiation - EPA's Office of Air and Radiation (OAR) is concerned with pollution prevention, indoor and outdoor air quality, industrial air pollution, pollution from vehicles and engines, radon, acid rain, stratospheric ozone depletion, and radiation protection.
- Chlorofluorocarbons and Ozone Depletion
- Environmental Effects of Ozone Depletion
- EPA Ozone Depletion - This web site contains information about the science of ozone depletion, regulations in the US designed to protect the ozone layer, information on methyl bromide, flyers about the UV index, information for the general public, and other topics.
- Ozone Depletion Processes
- EPA Office of Water - The primary site for federal water management and implementing national and international water-related regulations. Site includes links to hotlines, listservs, newsletters and periodicals, laws and regulations, policies and guidelines, and training and conferences.
- Water Environment Federation - The Water Environment Federation (WEF) is an international not-for-profit educational and technical organization of over 40,000 water experts.
- Soil and Water Conservation Society - The Soil and Water Conservation Society fosters the science and the art of soil, water and related natural resource management to achieve sustainability.
- Soil Quality Institute - The Soil Quality Institute identifies soil quality research findings and practical technologies that help conserve and improve soil, and enhance farming, ranching, forestry, and gardening enterprises.
- Soil Science Society of America - The primary purpose of the Society is to advance the discipline and practice of soil science by acquiring and disseminating information about soils in relation to crop production, environmental quality, ecosystem sustainability, bioremediation, waste management and recycling, and wise land use.
- USDA-NRCS National Soil Survey Center - The National Soil Survey Center is the technical arm of the soil survey program in the United States and is dedicated to providing state-of-the-art soil survey technology, standards, data, and expertise to the American public. This information helps people predict, plan, and enhance our most important resource, the soil.
- Pesticides and Food: What You and Your Family Should Know - Discusses the risks and benefits of pesticide use on food, and how consumers can reduce their exposure to pesticides.
- Oceanography Hotlist - International - Includes links to information about oceans.
- Oceanography: an ONR (Office of Naval Research) science and technology focus site - Maintained by the US Office of Naval Research for students and teachers, contains information about the ocean and its inhabitants.
- U.S. Geological Survey - The USGS provides geologic, topographic, hydrologic, and biologic information including maps, data bases, and reports containing analyses and interpretations of water, energy and mineral resources, land surfaces, geologic structures, natural hazards, and the dynamic processes of the earth.
Volcanoes Earth Movement
- The Dynamic Earth: The Story of Plate Tectonics - From the book published in 1996. Includes chapters on plate motions, mantle thermal flumes, and the historical perspectives.
- How Volcanoes Work - Educational resource that describes the science behind volcanoes and volcanic processes.
- Volcanoes of the United States
Minerals and Rocks
- Common Minerals and their Uses - A list of minerals from aluminum to zinc and a brief description of its usage and producers or where it's commonly found. Includes some photos.
- Fluorescent Minerals - This site includes links to information on fluorescent minerals by name or class.
- Mineral Information Institute - View mineral photographs, access facts about common minerals and their uses, and connect to linking sites with individual state's mineral information. Related linked sites contain educational materials with geology, minerals, and environmental facts as well as mining museums and historical mining information.
- The Physical Characteristics of Minerals
- Curse of T. Rex - Information provided explains how fossilization occurs, what other organisms lived at the time of the dinosaurs, and gives a brief history of the dinosaurs.
- Geological Time Machine - Developed by the University of California Museum of Paleontology (UCMP), contains extensive photographs of fossils from the Precambrian to the Holocene eras. The UCMP virtual exhibit halls, of which the geologic time machine is a part, provides information on Geology, Phylogeny, and Evolution.
- AIP Center for History of Physics - The Center for History of Physics is a division of the American Institute of Physics.
- Contributions of 20th Century Women to Physics
- Einstein - Image and Impact
- Einstein Papers Project
- Einstein Revealed -- Nova Online
- How Everything Works: The Physics in Everyday Life
- Internet Plasma Physics Education Experience - Interactive page on matter, electricity, magnetism, energy and fusion.
- A Look Inside the Atom - A superb 'virtual exhibit' that commemorates the hundredth anniversary of J. J. Thomson's discovery of the electron. The site includes a lucid account of the experiments in the context of the time, animations and photos of the original apparatus, biographical information (we learn from one of Thomson's assistants that "J.J. was very awkward with his fingers, and I found it very necessary not to encourage him to handle the instruments!”), a print and Web bibliography, and even a vintage 1934 audio clip of Thomson himself, boggling at the size of the electron.
- PhysicsWorld.com - Provides the latest news in physics, from the magazine Physics World, as well as information on jobs and events.
- Stephen Hawking -- Hawking's homepage
- The Sourcebook for Teaching Science - Fun and informative resources for chemistry teachers. Includes Chemical Demonstrations, Frequently Asked Chemistry Questions, and more.
- NSTA - The High School science classroom--offers articles from The Science Teacher and a teacher discussion board.
- Science Teachers’ Resource Center - This web site is for science teachers to share ideas (labs, demonstrations, teaching tips, etc.).
- Amateur Softball Association
- Ancient Olympics - Using information from the Perseus Project, a digital library was created about ancient Greece. Includes information about ancient and modern Olympic sports and athletes.
- Baseball Almanac - History, awards, records, feats, humor, lists, quotations, and statistics of baseball can be found on this site.
- CBS SportsLine - General sports news.
- ESPN.COM - General sports news.
- Major League Baseball - The official site of Major League Baseball, America's favorite pastime!
- NASCAR - Official site of the National Association of Stock Car Racers, for all of you who feel the need, the need for speed!
- National Basketball Association - The official site of the National Basketball Association.
- National Football League - The official site of the National Football League, for the football fans everywhere!
- National Hockey League - official site of the National Hockey League, for all you hardcore hockey fans!
- National Junior College Athletic Association on Line
- NCAA: Official Web Site - The official site of the National Collegiate Athletic Association.
- Olympics Through Time - Presented by the Foundation of the Hellenic World. History of the Olympic Games.
- PGATOUR.COM - Player Bios and Stats.
- The Sports Cliche List - A searchable collection of sports clichés, jargon, and lingo.
- Sports Pages - Sportspages.com started in the spring of 1997 as a collection of direct links to the sports sections of the major papers in the U.S. -- those in and around cities with major league professional teams.
- The US Soccer Federation - Official Site of the United States Soccer Federation.
- US Tennis Association
- USA Diving
- USA Softball
- USA Swimming
- USA Track Field
- USA Volleyball
- USA Water Polo
- USA Wrestling
- Biography of America - Presents American history as a living narrative. You'll find a listing of key events of each historical period, a map relevant to the period, the transcript of the related video program, and a "Webography" - a set of annotated web links.
- The Constitution of the United States - View the original or read the transcript. From the National Archives. Text, photos.
- The Declaration of Independence - View the original or read the transcript. From the National Archives. Text, photos.
- History: United States - A timeline of U.S historical events is available here, with links to pages that cover those events.
- The History Place - This is an excellent general, US and World History site.
- The National Archives - A digital collection of documents and images related to the U.S. government. Many are official documents that are preserved in their original form, and are made available to the public here in digital format. Also includes exhibitions, curriculum, and learning aids related to primary sources.
- Social Security History - Exceptionally well-presented collection of information on the history of the Social Security program and Social Security Administration. Plenty of graphics and photos, as well as sound and video clips
World History and Ancient Cultures
General Resources on Ancient Cultures
- Ancient Greek History
- The Ancient Greek World - Discusses the land, daily life, economy, religion and death.
- The Greeks: Crucible of Civilization - From PBS, this site includes information on Greek warfare, Greek culture, Greek politics, Greek architecture, and people in Greek history.
- Perseus Project - The Perseus Project is an evolving digital library of resources for the study of the ancient world and beyond. Collaborators initially formed the project to construct a large collection of materials, textual and visual, on the Archaic and Classical Greek world.
- Pharaoh - Take an online tour of the world of the ancient Pharaohs--from daily life and geography to alien gods and mummies--courtesy of the British Museum.
- Pyramids - Have you ever dreamed of exploring the pyramids of Egypt? If so, enter here, wander through the chambers and passageways of the Great Pyramid, and learn about the pharaohs for whom these monumental tombs were built.
Pre-Columbian and Mayan History
- The Lost King of the Mayas -This is the companion web site to NOVA's TV program about Copan and its kings. Interactive activities, an extensive resource list and teacher's guide.
- Mexico pre-Columbian History - Provides information on the Aztecs, Maya, Mexica, Olmecs, Toltec, Zapotecs other Pre European cultures, as well as information on museums, archaeology, language education.
- TimeLine: Ancient Rome - Provides a chronological index of the history of Ancient Rome with extensive links to Internet resources.
- Women's Life in Greece and Rome
- The Feudal System - A description of the structure of the feudal system.
- The Labyrinth - A project that provides links to a variety of electronic resources related to the Middle Ages, including both primary and secondary texts.
- People of the Middle Ages - Find brief summaries of each class and their duties in society.
Religion and the Church
- The Church in Medieval Life - A description of the institution and the building.
- Tales of the Middle Ages: Daily Life - True stories, fables and anecdotes from the Middle Ages.
- Tales of the Middle Ages: Food and Drink - Gives a description on what foods were eaten and how they were prepared.
The Dark Ages
- The Dark Ages -Explains the causes of the Dark Ages.
- Plague and Public Health in Renaissance Europe - A good summary of the plague and its impact on society.
Knighthood and Chivalry
- Knighthood and Chivalry - Gives terminology and history of knighthood and its development through time.
Art and Literature
- Art of the Middle Ages - Gives the different categories in Art History as well as the different artistic time periods.
- Tales of the Middle Ages : Religious Art - Information about religious works of art with the corresponding pictures.
The Hundred Years War
- The Hundred Years War - Concise overview of the causes, course, and results of the conflict.
- The Catholic Encyclopedia: Crusades -Offers a detailed account of the origins and outcome of the eight European crusades against Islamic strongholds in Europe and Persia.
The Magna Carta
- History of the Magna Carta -Find out the story behind the document; includes a full-text translation.
- The Magna Carta -Offers an overview of why the charter was signed and how it compared to subsequent revisions.
Kings, Leaders and Famous People