Read with your child every day, books like Are You My Mother by P.D. Eastman or Green Eggs and Ham by Dr. Seuss. Ask your child to explain his or her favorite parts of the story. Share your own ideas. Encourage your child to tell you about his or her day at school. Keep paper, markers, or crayons around the house for your child to write letters or words or draw a picture about his or her day. Have your child describe the picture to you.
Play word games like I Spy, sing songs like Itsy Bitsy Spider, and make silly rhymes together.
Encourage your child to read to you books such as Little Bear by Else Holmelund Minarik. Help him or her sound out difficult words.
Act out stories together from books, television, or your child’s imagination.
Pick a “word of the day” each day starting with a different letter. Have your child write the word and look for other things beginning with the same letter.
Visit the library with your child every week. Have your child sign up for a library card.
Read at home every day and assist your child by reading every other paragraph. Encourage your child to read to younger siblings, cousins, or other children you know.
Have your child write a thank you note or letter to family members or friends.
Ask your librarian to suggest books about people or places that are important to your child or family that you can read together. Encourage your child to explain what he or she has just read.
Make reading for fun a part of your child’s daily routine. Set aside quiet time, with no phones, computers, or other distractions, when your child can read for pleasure, books such as Amos & Boris by William Steig or The Fire Cat by Esther Averill.
Encourage your child to find a picture from a newspaper or magazine, cut it out, paste it on paper, and write a story about it.
Start a family vocabulary box or jar. Have everyone write down new words they discover, add them to the box, and use the words in conversation.
Urge your child to use logical arguments to defend his or her opinion. If your child wants a raise in allowance, ask him or her to research commonsense allowance systems and, based on that research, explain reasons why, supported by facts and details.
Talk about the news together. Pick one story in the news, read it together, and discuss with your child what it means.
Keep books, magazines, and newspapers at home. Make sure your child sees you reading.
Invite your child to read his or her writing out loud to other family members. Ask questions about your child’s word choices and ideas.
Discuss your family stories and history. Encourage your child to ask relatives questions about their lives. Put the information together in an album or brainstorm different ways to tell family tales, such as poems or short stories.
Go to a play or musical with your child. Discuss the way the actors bring the words to life.
Listen with your child to a television reporter, politician, or other speaker. Ask your child to tell you the speaker’s main points. Was the speaker trying to convince the audience of something? How?
Visit a library or book store together and ask the librarian or bookseller to recommend young adult books, such as Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry by Mildred D. Taylor.
Invite your child to participate in an adult gathering, such as a meal with friends, to practice listening skills and making conversation.
Encourage your child to learn at the library or on the Internet what life in your community was like 100 years ago. Have your child write a story, poem, or play about that time.
California State Standards in ELA for K-12: Content standards were designed to define the knowledge, concepts, and skills that students should acquire at each grade level.
California English Language Development Standards: ELD Specific Standards K-12
Integrating the CA ELD Standards into K-12 Mathematics and Science Teaching and Learning: A Supplementary Resource for Educators Implementing in Tandem the California English Language Development Standards, The California Common Core State Standards for Mathematics, and the Next Generation Science Standards for California Public Schools
English Proficiency Testing Information
English Language Proficiency Assessments for California (ELPAC)
Comparison of CELDT and ELPAC: English/Spanish
Transition Timeline: English/Spanish
ELPAC General Performance Level Descriptors
ELPAC Parent Guides English
Colorin Colorado (resources available in multiple languages): Here you will find numerous articles, resources, and strategies to support ELL at school and home.
Learn to Read at Starfall: Teaching comprehension and phonics
USA Learns, Free English Classes for Adults (English/Spanish): USA Learns is a free ESL program developed for adults with limited English language skills